Assembled by Condry Ziqubu in 1984 as a backing band for exiled artists Letta Mbulu and Caiphus Semenya. Lumumba consisted of Condry Ziqubu (guitar), Sipho Gumede (bass), Jabu Nkosi (keyboards), Makhaya Mahlangu (percussion).

They toured with Letta Mbulu and Caiphus Semenya in Botswana and Lesotho in 1984 and the United States in 1985.

Lumumba also constituted Condry Ziqubu’s early backing band and in 1984 they released “Yellow Mieliemiel”, followed by “Skorokoro” and “Via Orlando” in 1985, “Gorilla Man” in 1986 and “Sounds of Soweto” in 1987.


Formed in Johannesburg in 1981. A partial supergroup including former members of Spirits Rejoice, Harari and Malombo: Sipho Gumede (bass, vocals), Khaya Mahlangu (tenor and soprano saxes, vocals), Mahwetsha Donald Laka (keyboards, vocals), Gabriel Mabi Thobejane (percussion), Madoda Matunjwa (drums) and Manyatso Mathole (guitar).

Released the album Sakhile in 1982, followed by New Life (1983) and Phambili (1989).

The line-up for the 1989 album was Sipho Gumede (bass guitar and 8-string bass, vocals), Khaya Mahlangu (tenor and soprano saxes, vocals), Jabu Nkosi (keyboards, synthesizers, vocals), Gabriel Mabi Thobejane (percussion), Bheki Kunene (drums) and Menyatso Mathole (guitar).

Further released Welcome Home (1991) and Togetherness (2004).